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Arnold

 Arnold Composition

И. В. АРНОЛЬД

Лексикология

современного

английского

языка

Издание третье,

переработанное

и дополненное

Допущено

Министерством высшего и среднего специального образования ССС� в качестве учебника для студентов институтов и факультетов иностранных языков

Сканирование, распознавание, проверка: Аркадий Куракин (ark # mksat. net), сен-2004. Орфография унифицирована к британской. Пропущены страницы:

50-53, 134-139, 152-161, 164-171, 201-202, 240-243

ББК 81. two Англ-923 А 84

Рецензент:

кафедра английской филологии Оренбургского государственного педагогического института им. В. П. Чкалова (зав. кафедрой д-р филол. наук Н. А. Шехтман) Арнольд И. В.

А 84 Лексикология современного английского языка: Учеб. для ин-тов и фак. иностр. яз. — 3-е изд., перераб. и доп. — М.: Высш. шк., 1986. — 295 с., ил. — На англ. яз. Учебник посвящен слову как основной единице языка, его семантической и морфологической структуре, особенностям английского словообразования и фразеологии. Английская лексика рассматривается как непрерывно развивающаяся система. В 3-м издании (2-е—1973 г. ) обновлен теоретический и иллюстративный материал, расширены главы, посвященные теории слова и семасиологии. А 4602010000—443ББК 81. 2 Англ-923

001(01)—86 215-864И (Англ)

© Издательство «Высшая школа», 1973 © Издательство «Высшая школа», 1986, с изменениями CONTENTS

Preface6

Abbreviations8

Introduction9

Chapter 1 . Fundamentals9

§ 1 . 1 The Object of Lexicology9

§ 1 . a couple of The Theoretical and Sensible Value of English Lexicology.... 12 § 1 . a few The Connection of Lexicology with Phonetics, Stylistics, Grammar and Other Branches of Linguistics14

§ 1 . some Types of Lexical Units18

§ 1 . 5 The Notion of Lexical System21

§ 1 . 6 The Theory of Oppositions25

Component One THE ENGLISH EXPRESSION AS A COMPOSITION

Chapter installment payments on your Characteristics from the Word because the Basic Product of Dialect... 27 § 2 . 1 The Definition with the Word27

§ 2 . two Semantic Triangle31

§ 2 . 3 Phonetic, Morphological and Semantic Inspiration of Words.... 33 Phase 3. Lexical Meaning and Semantic Framework of The english language Words... thirty seven § a few. 1 Definitions37

§ a few. 2 The Lexical That means Versus Notion42

§ several. 3 Denotative and Connotative Meaning47

§ 3. 5 The Semantic Structure of Polysemantic Words50

§ 3. 5 Contextual Analysis56

§ 3. six Componential Analysis57

Chapter some. Semantic Change60

§ 5. 1 Types of Semantic Change60

§ 4. two Linguistic Reasons for Semantic Change71

§ 4. 3 Extralinguistic Causes of Semantic Change73

Phase 5. Morphological Structure of English Terms. Affixation77 § 5. you Morphemes. Totally free and Certain Forms. Morphological Classification of Words. Word-Families77

§ five. 2 Aims and Principles of Morphemic and Word-Formation Analysis.. seventy eight § your five. 3 Analysis into Immediate Constituents83

§ 5. some Derivational and Functional Affixes87

§ a few. 5 The Valency of Affixes and Stems. Word-Building Patterns and the Meaning90

§ 5. 6th Classification of Affixes96

§ 5. several Allomorphs101

§ 5. 8 Boundary Situations Between Derivation, Inflection and Composition.. 102 § a few. 9 Merging Forms104

§ 5. 10 Hybrids106

Chapter 6. Compound Words108

§ 6. you Definitions and Introductory Remarks108

§ 6. 2 . one particular The Criteria of Compounds112

§ 6. 2 . 2 Semi-Affixes116

§ 6. 2 . 3 " The Stone Wall membrane Problem" 118

§ six. 2 . four Verbal Collocations of the Give Up Type120

§ 6. 3 Specific Highlights of English Compounds121

§ 6th. 4. 1 Classification of Compounds122

§ 6. some. 2 Chemical substance Nouns123

§ 6. 4. 3 Compound Adjectives125

§ 6. some. 4 Chemical substance Verbs126

§ 6. five Derivational Compounds127

§ 6. 6 Reduplication and Selezione of Composition129

§ six. 6. one particular Reduplicative Compounds129

§ six. 6. a couple of Ablaut Combinations130

§ 6th. 6. 3 Rhyme Combinations130

§ six. 7 Pseudo Compounds131

§ 6. almost 8 The Historic Development of English language Compounds131

§ 6. on the lookout for New Word-Forming Patterns in Composition133

Chapter 7. Shortened Words and Minor Types of Lexical Oppositions... 134 § 7. 1 Shorter form of Spoken Words and Its...

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